Enhancing Forest Habitat
Whether you plan to regularly harvest your forest or allow it to grow naturally, there are specific practices that will enhance the forest habitat for the benefit of a variety of wildlife. Ensuring that adequate food, water and shelter are available will enable your woodlot to support a diversity of wildlife species.
Wildlife-friendly practices may include:
- controlling invasive species
- leaving some standing dead trees
- leaving dead fallen trees, coarse woody debris and brush piles on the forest floor as escape cover for wildlife
- creating a line of trees or a hedgerow as a wildlife corridor between forest patches
- planting trees and shrubs that will provide food for wildlife and add to the diversity of the woodlot
These and many other best practices are described in the links following.
Cavity Trees are Refuges for Wildlife is an extension note published by the MNRF describes how more than 50 species of birds and mammals depend on the cavities in dead or dying trees. If you harvest your woodlot, this information sheet provides guidelines to help you choose which cavity trees are the most valuable to wildlife. Another excellent article on this topic is published by the Ontario Woodlot Association (OWA).
Wildlife Trees is an article published by the Ottawa Field Naturalists which explains the importance of standing dead trees or snags and fallen logs.
Managing Mast Trees for Your Woodlot: The OWA provides a good summary of the reasons why mast trees are so important to wildlife.
Do You Have a Healthy Woodlot: This extension note provides information on assessing and improving the health of your woodlot, including the health of the wildlife which making their habitat there.
Controlling Invasive Woodland Plants is a landowner’s guide published by the OWA which will help you learn to identify invasive woodland plants and remove them.
A Landowner’s Guide to Careful Logging, published by the OWA, explains how to avoid sensitive habitat features, such as protecting stream crossings, rare plants, establishing buffer zones along stream banks, etc. during the logging process.
Conserving the Forest Interior: A Threatened Wildlife Habitat is an Extension Note which introduces you to the forest interior and the wildlife species that depend on this threatened habitat. It provides ideas on how you can protect and improve forest interior conditions.
How Much Habitat is Enough is a paper produced by the Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS). It is a framework for the Great Lakes region to provide guidance for preserving wildlife habitat. These guidelines will help landowners understand the importance of their woodlots within the larger landscape. It also provides guidance for the amount of habitat features such as forest and wetlands needed to ensure a healthy naturally functioning landscape. Perhaps you’ll discover that your woodlot is an important wildlife corridor or has one of very few remaining dense forest interiors in your region.
Burning Responsibly: Burning materials such as plastics in a burn barrel, fire pit, fireplace or wood stove, emits a host of pollutants into our air. What goes up, must come down, often in your own back yard exposing you’re your children, pets and livestock to these dangerous chemicals. These pollutants don’t just contaminate our air; they also end up in our lakes. This tip sheet provides some alternatives to outdoor burning and explains which things should never be burned.
Restoring Old Growth Characteristics will provide habitat for numerous birds and mammals that prefer old-growth habitat. We have created a separate webpage with links to information about old-growth restoration.
For more general information about ways you can attract wildlife to your property, please see our webpage titled Enhancing Wildlife Habitat.
This project was undertaken with the financial support of the Government of Canada. | Ce projet a été réalisé avec l’appui financier du gouvernement du Canada.